Slash Your 40-time and Get Faster For Football With Plyometrics

How to get faster for football … a question filled with gimmick answers and hucksters trying to stick you for your papers. Forgetting all the cones and parachutes that you have to get past, you also have "coaches" giving incorrect info on how to effectively use plyometrics to get faster for football and decrease your 40-time.

How do we really go about increasing football speed?

– Strength is the basis for speed. Cones and gimmicks are an enormous waste of time … unless your goal is to get faster at running cone drills and not football.

– You need to develop explosiveness through high speed exercises

– To really get faster for football, you need to add Plyometrics to your Strength Program

People love to complain when I write about strength's effect on football speed … they really do get angry when I tell them that to get faster for football you have to get stronger!

Usually it's talking about how some big guy on the team Squats "like 400lbs" and is "mad slow" but there's a small dude who is not that strong but runs fast. It then goes on to explain how my program sucks and SPARQ training rulez cause NFL flavor of the week endorses it.

Bullocks, I say.

One, your "big" friend is not strong if he's only squatting 400lbs. Let's say the guy weighs 285. That's about 1.4 x bodyweight. Now, when sprinting we sometimes produce 2, 3, 4 or even 5x's bodyweight in terms of force. Looking at those numbers, do you think your big friend will be fast?

Now let's look at that smaller guy who is fast. He only squats 365. But, he weighs 180. He's using twice his bodyweight. While he's not as "strong" as the big guy in terms of weight on the bar, he is relatively stronger … he lifts more weight in relation to his bodyweight than the big dude.

So, in order to get faster for football, we need to figure out just what strong is. Mr. 285lb'er should be Squatting between 550 and 600 to even begin to realize his speed potential. This is why I constantly harp on strength!

But, even if you are able to get this much stronger, many complain that they do not have that explosive start. This is because they lack starting strength and need to do more Deadlifts and Box Squats.
What they lack is reactive ability.

Reactive Ability is displayed when your muscles and tendons react to force and are stretched just before doing something explosive. When training for football agility or to get faster for football, we have to focus on training your reactive ability. We often refer to reactive ability as explosiveness.

And, when training your Reactive ability, you must keep several points in mind:

– The speed of the pre-stretch is key
– More Speed ​​of pre-stretch (eccentric) = More Force Produced
– Luckily, this aspect of strength is highly trainable

One of the best ways to train this ability is through Plyometrics.

Yes, yes, we finally get to the damn plyos. I'm always hesitant to give Plyometric advice to young players or inexperienced coaches. They take what is a fairly straight-forward training tool and turn it into something Stephen Hawking could not figure out.

Born in the old Soviet bloc, Plyos helped those damn commies dominate almost every sport. Despite their lack of resources (and sometimes lack of food) the Russians, East Germans, etc. absolutely kicked some American asses in the Olympics. They were bigger, stronger and faster.

They even produced a boxer who killed Apollo Creed!

Eventually, some Western coaches found about plyometrics and began to apply it to American sports. Of course, they became fascinated and all went overboard … coming up with jump programs with insane volume and advanced exercises that should've only been used by those with years of experience at an elite level … and using them on High School kids.

Watching a 300-lb lineman with a 250lb Squat do a 30 "depth jump wearing a 20-lb vest is an absolutely cringe-worthy sight!

So, before we even get into why plyometrics can help you get faster for football, and yes, take time off the loathsome 40, understand this:

o Keep it simple and progress slowly!

Plyometrics and Football Speed

Plyometrics are movements that allow the muscle to reach maximum strength in as short a period of time as possible. Re-read that and think of its applications to football training! That's what it's all about … Producing as much force as possible, as fast as possible.

You train in the weight room to get stronger. More strength = more force production. The amount of force your legs can produce will determine your speed abilities.

Remember that Newton guy from science class? For ever action there's an equal and opposite reaction.

If your legs can produce 200lbs of force per step, the earth will return the favor by returning an equal amount of force.

Plyometrics are exercises that allow the body and the brain to take your strength and have it be usable on the field. They train your muscles to produce max force in minimum time … even the definition sounds fast!

See, you can only use around 80% of your max strength in most football skills, like running or jumping.

When running on the field, your feet only hit the ground for about.1-seconds. But, for a voluntary muscle contraction, it can take.6-seconds to get the body going! You do not have to be a math genius to figure out that those figures do not bode well for you.

Sports movements happen in much less time than it takes for your muscles to contract maximally, so, this is why plyos are so important – they train your body and Central Nervous System to react as quickly and with as much force as possible without you even thinking about it.

So, you need two key qualities to get faster for football:

– A surplus of strength
– Explosiveness / Reactive Ability

We build strength in the gym and explosiveness with plyos. Simply (yes, I know I'm repeating myself, but most people who do plyos have no idea why), plyometrics condition your muscles to have elasticity … basically, they make them like a spring.

You coil and then release that energy. Think of when you jump … you take that short dip-squat before you leap, right? You do not try to dunk a basketball from a standing position with knees locked!

Plyos produce a rapid stretching phase that is so important … and, it is key to realize its importance. The myotatic reflex, also called the stretch reflex, responds to the rate at which a muscle is stretched and is one of the fastest in the human body.

This response is automatic. The muscle contracts faster during the stretch-shortening cycle (think of the spring) than in any other type of contraction. If you had to actually think about doing it, it'd be too late for jumping or running – the contraction would be too slow.

In the Classic text Ploymetric Training by Dr. Yessis, he states:

… The key to developing explosive force, which is the main outcome from doing various forms of plyos, is the switch from eccentric contraction to the concentric. This is controlled by the nervous system and because of this, a good portion of the training is directed to nervous system [CNS] training; not just the muscles.

When a tendon or active muscle is rapidly stretched, the elastic energy is stored and this energy is recoiled and used to enhance motor output in the concentric phase.3 Or, more simply:

The faster a muscle is stretched, the greater the potential force.

When this happens, you can produce a more forceful movement, or simply, you can hit harder, run faster, jump higher … you'll be more explosive.

Ok, Mr. Science, how does all this help us get faster for football?

By giving your muscles that elasticity, you are able to fire off the line faster, jump higher, develop great closing speed, and get better starts on your 40-times.

While I have the 40-test because it has absolutely nothing to do with actual football skill, I do realize you guys get tested in it. So, if you'd like to impress the guy with the stop-watch, you'd be wise to add plyometrics to your strength training program.

You've all no doubt seen videos of guys perfecting their starting form, their stance, their arm punch, etc. Those things are important but, if you do not have the necessary explosive power, you'll look good going slow. Even the best designed car is useless if it has a lawnmower engine.

Because of the better start, (let's break down the 40), you can easily take.1 off your 10-yard dash; .2 off your 20 and up to.5 from your 40. That's how you seriously decrease your 40-time … no gimmicks, just taking a full half-second from your 40 and getting faster for football.

Forgetting the 40 for a second, look at the 10 and 20 yard speeds. How many times have you seen someone just miss a tackle by a split second … or a receiver just miss the ball when sprinting … think you'd be a better running back if you could hit the hole in.1 seconds less time?

Seems like such a small amount of time, but add all those.1's and.2's up and you become the guy who's always getting to the ball and making the tackle.

Ok, I've tortured you long enough with the reasons why to do plyos … hopefully after the aforementioned 1500 words, you know why plyometrics can make you faster and more explosive. But, what do you do now? Most people just start jumping, doing depth jumps off their roof and quickly injure themselves.

[The following 4 paragraphs was taken from the How to Use Plyometrics to Get Explosive for Football Manual, which comes free with the Football Strength Workouts Manual]

This seems to be a lost concept in football training, but let's start at the beginning. These exercises are known as Sub-maximal Drills. They are not always classified as pure Plyometrics because they require less voluntary effort, but they are extremely useful for teaching explosive strength and reactive ability.

These movements help build the skills necessary for performing more advanced Plyo moves.

Butt Kicks

– Teaches the "recovery" phase of sprinting

– Also trains the body to find the shortest "stroke" possible when running, which will
speed up your movements.

– Speeds up the leg cycle that is key to football speed development.

High Knees

– Teaches quick feet and force production

Power Bounding

– Great for force production and a great warm-up before football activities

Multiple Jumps

Multiple Jumps are very easy to implement and will train the CNS to move on to more advanced jumping exercises.

Simply line up and start jumping forward. Think of it as a string of long jumps tied together. When first starting out, keep the distance to 20-yds. Then, as you become more advanced, you can increase the distance to 30-yds.

After you've gained a good grasp of the basics, it's time to get into some more advanced Plyos. This is where the true increases in football speed happen. Again, keep it under control. While plyos are not inherently dangerous, you can fall and break your ass if you try to get too advanced too quickly.

Box Jumps

If all you did was Box Jump, you'd be miles ahead of the competition and your football speed would explode. Box Jumps are just what they sound like, you, jumping onto boxes.

The most basic version is the single box jump – stand in front of a plyo box, dip into a very fast knee bend then propel yourself up onto the box. You'll need to coordinate you arms and legs – the arms, flexed at about 90-degrees will swing back during the dip and drive forcefully upward when jumping. The arm motion is crucial … and it must be violent, like throwing two uppercuts into someone's face.

Once you get on the box, step off, re-set and jump again. This is a good way to begin teaching the body and CNS the explosive force needed to run fast and tackle hard.

Do not worry about your knees or ankles being bothered by Box Jumps. Because the surface of the box is high up, you'll only be landing from a few inches off the "ground." If you jump on a 30 "box, you're physically jumping about 31 – 32", so, you're only landing from about 2 "above the surface …

Compare this with the "plyo hurdles" many advocate where you leap over a 30 "hurdle and land from 32" in the air … ouch.

Next up is the Multiple Box Jump

You stand before a series of progressively taller Plyometric boxes and jump up on one, step off, and jump to the next.

Notice I said STEP off the box, not jump. You simple step off and land naturally. It's kind of like people who jump off a building … they usually actually step off rather than jump.

When you perform a Box Jump onto multiple boxes, each time you step off a box and drop to the ground, the energy is stored because of the rapid pre-stretch and they you rebound up to the next box.

The time you spend on the ground in between boxes is critical!

Once you start doing multiple box jumps, you'll see that if you stay on the floor for even a split second too long, you'll miss the next box.

If you hesitate on the ground you teach the CNS to move slowly. While you may think a brief pause is no big deal, remember what we're after here … an almost involuntary reaction to the stretch by contracting the muscles hard and jumping.

Lateral Box Jumps

If there's one aspect of football speed … I'm talking actual game speed, that is ignored, its lateral speed. We spend a lot of time each game moving side to side – shuffling down the line, pass blocking, sliding to another hole or down the line …

Yet, how many football strength programs address lateral strength? Those that do deal with lateral speed usually limit it to a few 20-yard shuttle tests.

Football is a game played at extremely high velocities from all angles, you'd better train that way. To truly get faster for football, you need to strengthen the muscles that move the body sideways. So, you need to do Side Lunges, Angle Lunges, Lateral Sled Pulls, etc.

But, again, we need to transfer that strength into real-world usability.

Enter Lateral Box Jumps.

Exact same concept as Box Jumps, but you move laterally.

You can either jump a single box, multiple boxes or do Side-to-Sides.

To do Side-to-Sides, stand to the side of a low box, jump laterally onto the box, off, on the opposite direction … back and forth until you get to the desired number of reps.

Seated Box Jumps

Seated Box Jumps are the bee's knees when it comes to getting faster and more explosive for football. These are a great exercise to wake up the CNS before testing as well …

Very simple, but not easy! Grab a chair, bench or low box. Sit down and relax. Now, from a seated position and without rocking, you jump up onto a box.

Talk about switching all the muscle fibers on at once! You must relax in the chair … if you try to flex and tense up, you'll jump about 3 "

Do not rock … just relax … then Explode!

Volume and Loading of Plyos

Ok, finally we get to how, when, and how much to use these jumps. This is where most go horribly wrong. Because there's no "weights" involved and you do not get that sore, wobbly leg feeling during jump training that you do when Squatting, most assume they are easy and can therefore be hammered away at.

In reality, they are quite hard on the tendons, muscles, and very taxing on the brain. They are highly concentrated and must be treated this way! To get faster for football, not much is needed! The bulk of your speed and strength building will happen in the weight room. Plyos are the tools you use to transform that strength.

There are a few options with regard to when and how much, but, the one that seems to work best, especially for those training with the team is the Pre-Lifting Option.

Doing the plyometrics before you lift actually has some big advantages in addition to increasing speed and explosiveness:

– They serve as an excellent warm-up
– They wake up the CNS in a way nothing else can
– Because of their ability to wake up the CNS, they can lead to immediate increases in the weight room

Here's what your day would look like:

Warm up – Whatever you do as a team, but, it should include general mobility work and some calisthenics to get the body warmer.

Low Level Plyos

High Knees 2 x 10-yds
Butt-Kicks 2 x 10-yds
Lunges – 2 x 10-yds
Jump Rope – 2 x 50

Plyos

Box Jumps – 3 x 5
Lateral Box Jumps – 2 x 5, each way

Weight Training

Do this twice a week. You can vary the exercises as needed.

Vary the intensity also. For example, one day jump up to as high a box as possible.

The other, shoot for a box that is 80% of your best box height. So, if your best Box Jump is 40, "you'd jump about 32" on this day. This keeps you from overdoing it while continuing to increase your reactive ability.

Forces and Trends in Business

The corporate environment is characterized by a number of variables: competition, dynamism, turbulence, complexity and change. All organizations must develop ability to continuously and consciously transform themselves and their contexts. Such contexts include restructuring for optimum effectiveness, reengineering key processes and streamlining functions that are able to provide a source of competitive advantage. The aim is to adapt, regenerate and most important, survive. (McLean, 2006).

For a company to thrive today, strategists must find ways to increase the organization's ability to read and react to industry and market changes. They must know their goal to boost the company's strategic flexibility by recognizing disruptions earlier and responding faster.
Strategic flexibility or adaptability can be defined as the organization's capacity to identify major changes in its external environments, quickly commit resources to new courses of action in response to such changes, and to recognize and act promptly when it is time to halt or reverse existing resource commitments. Being adaptable means leaders must not get stuck in a too-rigid way of looking at the world. The organization must view change as an inevitable and essential part of an organization's growth, in order to achieve this adaptability.

When there is uncertainty or unpredictability in the environment, managers tend to focus almost all their energy on successfully executing the current strategy. What they also should be doing is preparing for an unknown future. Flexibility stems from the ability to learn; managers tend to overlook the negative and emphasize the positive. They need to understand not only what led to the positive outcomes but also what led to the negative ones. This will optimize their learning experience. According to Ford (2004) four points to foster and maintain adaptability include challenging complacency, giving all employees a voice, encouraging participative work and driving fear out of your group.

The companies chosen for this task vary by industry: a famous automobile manufacturer (Ford) a bank going through a merger (Compass) and a start-up software company (DawningStreams). Ford and Compass have been in business for a long time; it is likely they have changed their strategic plan based on changing forces and trends. DawningStreams is new (established in 2005 and incorporated in 2007). Even though they have not had their first sale and have no staff, the owners have devised several iterations of their strategy.

There is a diversity of stakeholders all that are interested in the activity of business organizations. Emphasis must be placed on their adaptability in strategic analysis and their adaptability in strategic management of business organizations. The organization must have a strategic management model.

Each company might scan the same areas, but for different reasons. Considering technological advances, Ford would prepare itself to lead the market by having various electronic equipment in their vehicles, as well as robotic equipment with which to build them and the supply chain technology to keep all in check. Compass Bank is going through a merge and expanding globally; therefore they will need to keep abreast of communication technology. DawningStreams is a software company; they will need to monitor those companies who would be their competition to ensure their product offers better functionality. All three companies would make sure potential customers would be able to get good information from internet websites and advertisement, which encompasses yet another area of ​​technology the organizations may need / want to scan. In this instance, many members of the organization must be enrolled: upper management and finance, who will determine budgetary factors; the IT department, who will be responsible for the implementation and maintenance of some of the technology; the staff who must be trained to use the technology; a sales force who will sell the technology.

To the outside observer, it may seem unnecessary for any but Ford to scan the (actual) environment when it comes to issues such as emission control, fuel efficiency and hybrid cars. That is true however; Compass Bank and DawningStreams can plan a strategy to be friendlier to the environment (and their pocketbooks) by practicing paper reduction (through the aforementioned technology). Lastly, DawningStreams' product may be useful as a file sharing service to environmental groups.

With regard to the legal environment, all three must be acutely aware of laws, which affect their respective industry among others. To Ford, legal applies, among other areas, to environmental protection laws and department of transportation safety laws. To Compass Bank, they would abide by the rules of the Federal Reserve (www.federalreserve.gov) and the Federal Insurance and Deposit Corporation (www.fdic.gov). DawningStreams must follow laws as they pertain to the transfer of files, which have intellectual property and also the export of products, which have algorithms. All three companies are global and will need to monitor those laws in other countries, which could effect the strategic planning.

At one company after another – from Sears to IBM to Hewlett-Packard to Searle, strategy is again a major focus in the quest for higher revenues and profits. With help from a new generation of business strategists, companies are pursuing novel ways to hatch new products, expand existing businesses, and create the markets of tomorrow. Some companies are even recreating full-fledged strategic-planning groups. United Parcel Service expects to spin out a new strategy group from its marketing department, where strategic plans are now hatched. Explains Chairman Kent C. Nelson: “ Because we're making bigger bets on investments in technology, we can not afford to spend a whole lot of money in one direction and then find out five years later it was the wrong direction. ' '

In such a world we need a planning model that allows us to anticipate the future and to use this anticipation in conjunction with an analysis of our organization – its culture, mission, strengths and weaknesses – to define strategic issues, to chart our direction by developing strategic vision and plans, to define how we will implement these plans and to specify how we will evaluate how well we are implementing these plans. The fact that the world is changing as we move forward in the future demands that the process be an iterative one.

Ford Motor Company – Socio-cultural

Ford Motor Company embraces the socio-cultural changes taking place to allow the company to move in the right direction with respect to attitudes in the society. Two areas that stand out in terms of socio-cultural attitudes would be that of fuel economy and smaller cars. The growing concern by the public for better fuel economy has influenced the company's introduction of the Ford Escape Hybrid and Mercury Mariner Hybrid. The organization is committed to the hybrid to improve fuel economy as a global strategy to meet customer demands. The increased demand in society for such environmentalism has assisted in the decision for Ford Motor Company to look forward to adding the hybrid feature to the Ford Fusion and Mercury Milan and continue in such a strategic planning direction.

The customers that use these vehicles get a substantial break on their insurance in many states and a tax credit as well while enjoying the increased mileage of a vehicle that runs on gasoline and capabilities for 100 percent electric power. The environmental scanning by Ford Motor Company has allowed the company to be knowledgeable of the fact that the people in the United States are buying more small cars today than any other type of vehicle segment. The lifestyles changes have been monitored and there is good data that shows that such a trend will continue in this direction and the expected growth in this segment will continue. The company has redesigned the inside and outside of the Ford Focus to set the car apart from the competitors in the small car segment while increasing upgrades and features to experience positive outcomes. The direction that the company is taking is based on a competitive advantage and being a leader in the industry. The vehicle line has both a sedan and a coupe to attract targeted markets including younger buyers at an entry level to build upon brand loyalty and customer retention. Ford Motor Company will continue to use the socio-cultural factors to drive the business and enjoy future success.

Ford Motor Company – Legal –

Ford Motor Company with regard to the Environmental Protection Agency adheres to the legal aspect of environmental scanning. Ford Motor Company accepted an award in March 2007 from the Environmental Protection Agency called the Energy Star 2007 Partner of the Year Award in Energy Management. The company is the first automaker to have ever been awarded the award two years in a row. The award has come to be presented due to the commitment made by the company to increase energy efficiency and to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from all of the facilities in the company.

The organization is committed to the responsible use of resources and energy efficiency. The leadership realizes that the environmental protection laws are of great importance and use the environmental scanning to move in the right direction to obtain future success in the company. In 2006 alone the company has improved the energy efficiency in the United States operations by five percent and saving approximately $ 25 million with enough energy saved to equal 220,000 homes. The effective energy management protects the environment and reduces the greenhouse emissions. Some of the actions taken by the company include replacing lighting fixtures that use 40 percent less energy and using different low-energy, long-lasting compact fluorescent lamps in the properties to include the plants, corporate offices, distribution centers, and research and development campuses . Due to the environmental scanning that takes place at Ford Motor Company the company will use the information that is collected and continue in this direction. New projects for the company include Fumes-to-Fuel that is a system that converts paint fumes into electricity that is being performed with Detroit Edison along with attempting to consolidate the application of primer, base and clearcoat paint applications into a single application to eliminate the need for separate applications and ovens. In addition to the paint booth emissions Ford Motor Company will continue to rely on alternative energy sources such as landfill gas and wind and solar technologies to power their manufacturing facilities.

Ford Motor Company – Technology –

Another environmental scanning tool that Ford Motor Company monitors and uses would be the technological portion. The company has $ invested 1 billion in the latest technology for flexible manufacturing. The technology that is involved is in many forms to include wireless technology that is installed on the delivery trucks with supplies to the plant as a monitoring status and improved efficiency to reduce inventory. The flexibility of products in the same plant allows the organization to use the same machinery and process for all areas from body assembly, paint facility, and final assembly. The improved efficiency at the manufacturing facility allows for several vehicle platforms to be built on the same line to produce multiple models and quickly change the vehicle mix, the volume, and options based on customer demand.

The technological changes that are being embraced by Ford Motor Company through environmental scanning enables the company to experience huge cost savings through new product launches and 50 percent reductions in cycle changeovers along with waste reduction. Robots are among the technological changes that are being experienced within the organization to include the 400 from the project that are used to weld and assemble the metal body of the vehicle for stamping and assembly. Artificial intelligence in the form of advanced visions systems and laser tracking systems are used to ensure quality through accuracy and dimension abilities. A multi-million dollar training facility is used to ensure that the workforce has the knowledge, skills, and ability to reap the benefits from the new technology that is being used by the company. The training that is administered includes the new servo-electric weld gun system that identifies the perfect center for welding that has replaced the older and loud air-powered system that used a less sophisticated spring system. The environmental scanning of technology that is performed by Ford Motor Company has allowed the company to have positive outcomes in efficiency while remaining a competitive company in the industry through cost savings and continuous improvement.

Compass Bank- Political –

On February 16, 2007, Compass Bancshares, Inc., the parent company of Compass Bank, announced the signing of a definitive agreement under which Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria, SA (NYSE: BBV Madrid: BBVA) ( "BBVA") will acquire Compass for a combination of cash and stock. Compass will become a wholly owned US subsidiary of BBVA and will continue to operate under the Compass name. The transaction is expected to close during the second half of 2007, pending customary closing conditions, including necessary bank regulatory approvals in the US and Spain and the approval of the stockholders of both Compass and BBVA.

BBVA, which operates in 35 countries, is based in Spain and has substantial banking interests in the Americas. The transaction will facilitate BBVA's continued growth in Texas and will create the largest regional bank across the Sunbelt. Upon completion of the transaction, Compass will rank among the top 25 banks in the United States with approximately $ 47 billion in total assets, $ 32 billion in total loans and $ 33 billion in total deposits. In addition, the combined company will rank fourth in deposit market share in Texas with $ 19.6 billion in total deposits and 326 full-service banking offices.

Compass is a $ 34 billion Southwestern financial holding company that operates 415 full-service banking centers in Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Florida, New Mexico and Texas. Compass provides a broad array of products and services through three primary lines of business – Corporate Banking, Retail Banking and Wealth Management. Compass is among the top 30 US bank holding companies by asset size and ranks among the top earners of its size based on return on equity.

Under the terms of the definitive agreement, which has been approved by the board of directors of Compass and the relevant bodies of BBVA, Compass will become a wholly owned subsidiary of BBVA. After closing, BBVA intends to merge its US based banking affiliates – including the former operations of Texas Regional Bancshares, State National Bancshares and Laredo National Bancshares – with Compass.

The aggregate consideration is composed of a fixed number of approximately 196 million shares of BBVA common stock and approximately $ 4.6 billion in cash. The merger is subject to customary closing conditions, including necessary bank regulatory approvals in the US and Spain and the approval of the stockholders of both Compass and BBVA. The transaction is expected to close in the second half of 2007.

The merger between both companies will be determined by the political factors ranging from implications of laws and regulations to the state of world politics including the consideration of wars which may be going on in different parts of the world. New laws, regulations, tax programs and public policy create forces and trends, which may provide challenges and barriers or opportunities for any company or organization.

Compass Bank – Technology –

Ford is in the process of implementing a laser marking system on its production line to ensure the highest standard on each transmission assembled. The system will be checking for quality on different points on the assembly line. Ford is teaming up with a company called MECCO to implement this process and a trial run of the new system will last for 3 months. MECCO is a leader in its industry when it comes to laser technology. The decision to implement this new laser marking system came because it is more cost- effective and safer than previous ways of marking checkpoints for quality.

Although this process at Ford has not officially been implemented yet, Compass Bank can learn a few different things. It may be a good idea for Compass Bank to do a short trial of online cell phone banking to see how popular it becomes and if it worth all the time and effort, being spent to get it launched. Compass Bank should also consider investing into a company who is the best at what they do, is in the same time zone, and can meet their demands in a timely manner, not simply because they may be cheaper. Finally, Compass Bank can learn that they need to consider what will be most cost-effective and in the best interest of the company over time. Organizing a time line and a list of costs and potential risks would also be beneficial to Compass Bank so they know what to expect and when with the implementation of online cell phone banking.

When completing the global scan one looks for emerging new technologies which may impact any business in any industry. At one time the emergence of the Internet was a technology that was becoming an emerging trend across all industries. Today very new technologies are used to develop information systems at a fraction of the cost and time of processes that were used five years ago. Wireless is a telecommunications technology that may have moved from a trend to a force in revolutionizing the way information is stored, accessed and used across all industries around the world. Some, if leveraged by a company within an industry before competitors use it, may even provide a competitive advantage.

Compass Bank – Competition –

Although mergers may be costly and rather difficult, the value it creates in the end is the desired outcome companies seek. The eagerness to merge is based on several beliefs, those beliefs are, that the performance gains are greater, expenses are reduced, market power is increased, and shareholder's wealth is also greater than before. The value of a merger is enhanced when the overall benefit is more valuable than the aggregate of two separate pre-merger companies.
In the end, both John and Bernard should consider this before finalizing a decision. When Zion's purchased Stockmans, there overall value increased by 43 branches. These branches will help performance and brings much more power to the financial market. In the Journal of Money article, Pilloff states "Companies are more willing to acquire others to avoid being acquired themselves." Keeping this in mind, companies must figure out a cross border strategy.

As part of the broad environmental scan, it is important to identify the internal capabilities of the organization. There are various models for defining capabilities. Most focus on the broad set of intangible assets such as brand, human capital, organizational capital and even relationship capital. Others include the more concrete assets such as available capital, the organization structure, current technologies and information technology infrastructure. In addition to doing a broad environmental trend, Compass Bank needs to do a more detailed capability assessment using any of the models available.

DawningStreams – Competitors –

Business activities are becoming more and more complex to manage, because of distance, time zones, number of parties involved in projects, number of tasks to achieve, multiple prioritizations, lack of general synchronization, insufficient secure and confidential communication channels and growing complexity of IT infrastructures. The use of task list managers has become very common. It is becoming more difficult to keep teams synchronized, to follow and to implement new business processes and to exchange sensitive information confidentially. The DawningStreams software application is aiming at increasing the practicality of daily executive activities. The types of business, which will most probably be interested in our product, are construction (size of network), consulting (need for synchronization), pharmaceutical research (secure exchange of information) and the software industry (complexity of manufacturing).

Many companies have already developed software applications that enable secured communications and file sharing. However, most, if not all, are relying on Microsoft technologies, which prevent them from expanding to Mac or Unix users. DawningStreams is developed in Java, which can be used on any platform, including Mac and Unix. Has the Acquired the Microsoft Groove has released The Company About enterprise | and a new version of the product, Which can perform : many of the Functionalities of DawningStreams, but not generic Activities ( Http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/groove/default.aspx ). This is our closest competitor by far. More recently, we found, merely by accident, a company called Shinkuro (www.shinkuro.com), which offers the file sharing aspects of DawningStreams but lacks other capacities.

Although DawningStreams will face competition from many existing players, the fact that it will combine a super-set of functionalities in one application, for a very reasonable price, will give it some leading edge over other competitors. If the US patent is granted, the position of DawningStreams will become a niche. Even if the patent were not granted, it would take a profound architectural redesign of Groove (or other competitors) to include generic activities and match the offer of DawningStreams. As a strategy we will monitor the activities of those companies' websites and understand what they offer in terms of similar functionality and try to ensure we match or best those functionalities to the best of our ability and resources

DawningStreams – Political –

Maintaining the secrecy of information is the fundamental function of encryption items. Persons abroad may use such items to harm US law enforcement efforts, as well as US foreign policy and national security interests. The US Government has a critical interest in ensuring that persons opposed to the United States are not able to conceal hostile or criminal activities, and that the legitimate needs for protecting important and sensitive information of the public and private sectors are met. Since 2000, US encryption export policy has been directed by three fundamental practices: technical review of encryption products prior to sale, streamlined post-export reporting, and license reviews of proposed transactions involving strong encryption to certain foreign government end-users and countries of concern . US encryption policy also seeks to ensure that American companies are not disadvantaged by the European Union's "license-free zone." (Bureau of Industry and Security, 2007).

DawningStreams will contain cryptographic functions. Any reliable and efficient cryptographic system requires a central authority to avoid identity theft. Cryptography is a key functionality of DawningStreams. All specialists insist on designing systems using well-studied algorithms and fully tested protocols; novelty is considered a source of risk. The cryptographic layer of DawningStreams will rely on a dual public-private key system. : Private key encryption The system will Implement Rijndael, the Advanced Encryption Standard ( Http://csrc.nist.gov/CryptoToolkit/aes/rijndael/ ), the public key system will Implement RSA (Www.rsa.com) and the hashing function Implement the 256 will bits version of the the Secure Hash Algorithm ( Http://secure-hash-algorithm-md5-sha-1.co.uk/ ).

Encryption products can be used to conceal the communications of terrorists, drug smugglers, and others intent on harming US interests. Cryptographic products and software also have military and intelligence applications that, in the hands of hostile nations, could pose a threat to US national security. The national security, foreign policy, and law enforcement interests of the United States are protected by encryption export controls. These controls are consistent with Executive Order (EO) 13026, which was issued on November 15, 1996, and the Presidential Memorandum of the same date. (Bureau of Industry and Security, 2007).

DawningStreams also plans to be an international company, as offices now exist in the Netherlands and the US. As part of the strategy, we will ensure we remain compliant by registering our product with any necessary agency and allowing those agencies access to the processes if they feel there is a threat. We will be responsible to monitor (as best as we can) our client base and to put the proper verbiage in our contracts that illegal activities will not be tolerated. Will the continue to we 've monitor the BIS site mentioned in previous paragraphs and Also sites in the European Union color : such color : as the Crypto Law website of legal – expert Bert-Jaap Koops ( Http://rechten.uvt.nl/koops/ )

DawningStreams – Technology / Intellectual Property –

The management of organizational strategy requires a comprehensive assessment of the macro environment of the business. Intellectual Property (IP) refers to the original ideas and innovations evolved by an organization in order to haul up its systems and processes. Creation of ideas requires large investments. This necessitates the protection of IP. Benchmarking is the continuous process of measuring products, processes, and systems of an organization against those that are rated best in the industry. It helps in uncovering weaknesses and flaws in the organizational systems, processes, and products. (Watson, 2003)

The study of the global research conducted by McAfee Inc. and MessageLabs Ltd. on security threat in small businesses in the US reveals that 80 percent of small-and-medium-sized businesses (SMB) believe that an information technology (IT) security failure would be damaging in attaining their business priorities. Yet, only few are courageously making steps to fight against infringements due to resource limitations from other business related priorities. The research implies that company size plays an essential part in the way senior management views security. Among the challenges that SMBs face include keeping up-to-date with security solutions and keeping costs low. Small-to-medium businesses' behavior towards security is very tactical and meets only immediate requirements. (Unknown, 2007)

DawningStreams' relevance to these forces is two-fold. We are a software company-there is an opportunity for us to lose the intellectual property by those who would download and attempt to modify the code. We have competitors who offer functionality similar to ours, however we offer an additional functionality the others do not. It is this 'specialty functionality' for which we applied for a patent the United States Patent and Trademark Office. If the patent is granted, there is less likelihood of software piracy or the loss of our IP. Environmental scans should show us if there are other companies trying to do this.

The functionality, which most resembles our competitors', is the ability to share files. That brings in a different concern with intellectual property- the possibility someone else's IP could be sent from one of our users to another, as this could seriously damage our reputation, as what happened with Napster. (Www.napster.com).

Conclusion

At one company after another – from Sears to IBM to Hewlett-Packard to Searle, strategy is again a major focus in the quest for higher revenues and profits. With help from a new generation of business strategists, companies are pursuing novel ways to hatch new products, expand existing businesses, and create the markets of tomorrow. Some companies are even recreating full-fledged strategic-planning groups. United Parcel Service expects to spin out a new strategy group from its marketing department, where strategic plans are now hatched. Explains Chairman Kent C. Nelson: “ Because we're making bigger bets on investments in technology, we can not afford to spend a whole lot of money in one direction and then find out five years later it was the wrong direction. ' '

In such a world we need a planning model that allows us to anticipate the future and to use this anticipation in conjunction with an analysis of our organization – its culture, mission, strengths and weaknesses – to define strategic issues, to chart our direction by developing strategic vision and plans, to define how we will implement these plans and to specify how we will evaluate how well we are implementing these plans. The fact that the world is changing as we move forward in the future demands that the process be an iterative one.

References

Bilek, E. (nd) Compass Bankshares to be Acquired by Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria, SA,

Investor Relations. Retrieved from the Internet on March 31, 2007 at

http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/irol/77/77589/bbvarelease.pdf

Cole, Jim. Zions makes small deal, cites growing Arizona market. American Banker, 171 (175), 1-1. Retrieved March 31, 2007 from Proquest Database.
Ford Motor Company (2006). Ford Motor Company. Retrieved March 2007,

from the World Wide Web, Web Site: [https://ford.com]
Ford, S. (2004) Adapted from 13 Skills Managers Need to Succeed, Harvard Business School

Press. Retrieved March 31, 2007 from EBSCOHost Database.

Hockenberry, Todd. (2006). Ford implements advanced laser marking. Industrial Laser Solutions, 21 (4), 6-7. Retrieved March 31, 2007, from EBSCOhost database
Jacobs, P. (2005) Five Steps to Thriving in times of Uncertainty. Negotiation (p.3) Retrieved

April 1, 2007 from EBSCOHost Database.

McLean, J. (2006) We're going through changes! British Journal of Administrative Management

54. Retrieved March 30, 2007 from EBSCOHost Database.

Pearce, J. & Robinson, R, (2004). Strategic Management: Formulation, Implementation, and Control. [University of Phoenix Custom Edition e-text]. The McGraw-Hill Companies. March 2007 Retrieved, from the of University of Phoenix, the Resource, MBA-580 Strategies for Competitive Advantage Course Web Site: Https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/secure/resource/resource.asp
Author Unknown, Strategic Planning, After a decade of gritty downsizing, Big Thinkers are back in corporate vogue. (2006) Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.businessweek.com/1996/35/b34901.htm

Unknown (2007) 80% of Small-to-Medium Sized Firms Fear a Security Threat. Computer Security Update 8 (4). Retrieved March 30, 2007 from EBSCOHost Database.
Unknown (2006) Strategic Planning, After a decade of gritty downsizing, Big Thinkers are back
in corporate vogue. Retrieved from the Internet at
http://www.businessweek.com/1996/35/b34901.htm
US Department of Commerce (2007), Encryption (ch.10, section 742.15). Retrieved March 27, 2007 from the Bureau of Industry and Security Website at http://www.bis.doc.gov/news/2007/foreignpolicyreport/fprchap10_encryption.html
Watson, G. (2003) Business Environmental Scans for Intellectual Property Strategy (PowerPoint Presentation). Retrieved March 28, 2007 from the Oklahoma State University website at http://www.okstate.edu/ceat/msetm/courses/etm5111/CourseMaterials/ETM5111Session3Part2.ppt#260 ,1,Business Environmental Scans for Intellectual Property Strategy

Slash Your 40-time and Get Faster For Football With Plyometrics

How to get faster for football … a question filled with gimmick answers and hucksters trying to stick you for your papers. Forgetting all the cones and parachutes that you have to get past, you also have "coaches" giving incorrect info on how to effectively use plyometrics to get faster for football and decrease your 40-time.

How do we really go about increasing football speed?

– Strength is the basis for speed. Cones and gimmicks are an enormous waste of time … unless your goal is to get faster at running cone drills and not football.

– You need to develop explosiveness through high speed exercises

– To really get faster for football, you need to add Plyometrics to your Strength Program

People love to complain when I write about strength's effect on football speed … they really do get angry when I tell them that to get faster for football you have to get stronger!

Usually it's talking about how some big guy on the team Squats "like 400lbs" and is "mad slow" but there's a small dude who is not that strong but runs fast. It then goes on to explain how my program sucks and SPARQ training rulez cause NFL flavor of the week endorses it.

Bullocks, I say.

One, your "big" friend is not strong if he's only squatting 400lbs. Let's say the guy weighs 285. That's about 1.4 x bodyweight. Now, when sprinting we sometimes produce 2, 3, 4 or even 5x's bodyweight in terms of force. Looking at those numbers, do you think your big friend will be fast?

Now let's look at that smaller guy who is fast. He only squats 365. But, he weighs 180. He's using twice his bodyweight. While he's not as "strong" as the big guy in terms of weight on the bar, he is relatively stronger … he lifts more weight in relation to his bodyweight than the big dude.

So, in order to get faster for football, we need to figure out just what strong is. Mr. 285lb'er should be Squatting between 550 and 600 to even begin to realize his speed potential. This is why I constantly harp on strength!

But, even if you are able to get this much stronger, many complain that they do not have that explosive start. This is because they lack starting strength and need to do more Deadlifts and Box Squats.
What they lack is reactive ability.

Reactive Ability is displayed when your muscles and tendons react to force and are stretched just before doing something explosive. When training for football agility or to get faster for football, we have to focus on training your reactive ability. We often refer to reactive ability as explosiveness.

And, when training your Reactive ability, you must keep several points in mind:

– The speed of the pre-stretch is key
– More Speed ​​of pre-stretch (eccentric) = More Force Produced
– Luckily, this aspect of strength is highly trainable

One of the best ways to train this ability is through Plyometrics.

Yes, yes, we finally get to the damn plyos. I'm always hesitant to give Plyometric advice to young players or inexperienced coaches. They take what is a fairly straight-forward training tool and turn it into something Stephen Hawking could not figure out.

Born in the old Soviet bloc, Plyos helped those damn commies dominate almost every sport. Despite their lack of resources (and sometimes lack of food) the Russians, East Germans, etc. absolutely kicked some American asses in the Olympics. They were bigger, stronger and faster.

They even produced a boxer who killed Apollo Creed!

Eventually, some Western coaches found about plyometrics and began to apply it to American sports. Of course, they became fascinated and all went overboard … coming up with jump programs with insane volume and advanced exercises that should've only been used by those with years of experience at an elite level … and using them on High School kids.

Watching a 300-lb lineman with a 250lb Squat do a 30 "depth jump wearing a 20-lb vest is an absolutely cringe-worthy sight!

So, before we even get into why plyometrics can help you get faster for football, and yes, take time off the loathsome 40, understand this:

o Keep it simple and progress slowly!

Plyometrics and Football Speed

Plyometrics are movements that allow the muscle to reach maximum strength in as short a period of time as possible. Re-read that and think of its applications to football training! That's what it's all about … Producing as much force as possible, as fast as possible.

You train in the weight room to get stronger. More strength = more force production. The amount of force your legs can produce will determine your speed abilities.

Remember that Newton guy from science class? For ever action there's an equal and opposite reaction.

If your legs can produce 200lbs of force per step, the earth will return the favor by returning an equal amount of force.

Plyometrics are exercises that allow the body and the brain to take your strength and have it be usable on the field. They train your muscles to produce max force in minimum time … even the definition sounds fast!

See, you can only use around 80% of your max strength in most football skills, like running or jumping.

When running on the field, your feet only hit the ground for about.1-seconds. But, for a voluntary muscle contraction, it can take.6-seconds to get the body going! You do not have to be a math genius to figure out that those figures do not bode well for you.

Sports movements happen in much less time than it takes for your muscles to contract maximally, so, this is why plyos are so important – they train your body and Central Nervous System to react as quickly and with as much force as possible without you even thinking about it.

So, you need two key qualities to get faster for football:

– A surplus of strength
– Explosiveness / Reactive Ability

We build strength in the gym and explosiveness with plyos. Simply (yes, I know I'm repeating myself, but most people who do plyos have no idea why), plyometrics condition your muscles to have elasticity … basically, they make them like a spring.

You coil and then release that energy. Think of when you jump … you take that short dip-squat before you leap, right? You do not try to dunk a basketball from a standing position with knees locked!

Plyos produce a rapid stretching phase that is so important … and, it is key to realize its importance. The myotatic reflex, also called the stretch reflex, responds to the rate at which a muscle is stretched and is one of the fastest in the human body.

This response is automatic. The muscle contracts faster during the stretch-shortening cycle (think of the spring) than in any other type of contraction. If you had to actually think about doing it, it'd be too late for jumping or running – the contraction would be too slow.

In the Classic text Ploymetric Training by Dr. Yessis, he states:

… The key to developing explosive force, which is the main outcome from doing various forms of plyos, is the switch from eccentric contraction to the concentric. This is controlled by the nervous system and because of this, a good portion of the training is directed to nervous system [CNS] training; not just the muscles.

When a tendon or active muscle is rapidly stretched, the elastic energy is stored and this energy is recoiled and used to enhance motor output in the concentric phase.3 Or, more simply:

The faster a muscle is stretched, the greater the potential force.

When this happens, you can produce a more forceful movement, or simply, you can hit harder, run faster, jump higher … you'll be more explosive.

Ok, Mr. Science, how does all this help us get faster for football?

By giving your muscles that elasticity, you are able to fire off the line faster, jump higher, develop great closing speed, and get better starts on your 40-times.

While I have the 40-test because it has absolutely nothing to do with actual football skill, I do realize you guys get tested in it. So, if you'd like to impress the guy with the stop-watch, you'd be wise to add plyometrics to your strength training program.

You've all no doubt seen videos of guys perfecting their starting form, their stance, their arm punch, etc. Those things are important but, if you do not have the necessary explosive power, you'll look good going slow. Even the best designed car is useless if it has a lawnmower engine.

Because of the better start, (let's break down the 40), you can easily take.1 off your 10-yard dash; .2 off your 20 and up to.5 from your 40. That's how you seriously decrease your 40-time … no gimmicks, just taking a full half-second from your 40 and getting faster for football.

Forgetting the 40 for a second, look at the 10 and 20 yard speeds. How many times have you seen someone just miss a tackle by a split second … or a receiver just miss the ball when sprinting … think you'd be a better running back if you could hit the hole in.1 seconds less time?

Seems like such a small amount of time, but add all those.1's and.2's up and you become the guy who's always getting to the ball and making the tackle.

Ok, I've tortured you long enough with the reasons why to do plyos … hopefully after the aforementioned 1500 words, you know why plyometrics can make you faster and more explosive. But, what do you do now? Most people just start jumping, doing depth jumps off their roof and quickly injure themselves.

[The following 4 paragraphs was taken from the How to Use Plyometrics to Get Explosive for Football Manual, which comes free with the Football Strength Workouts Manual]

This seems to be a lost concept in football training, but let's start at the beginning. These exercises are known as Sub-maximal Drills. They are not always classified as pure Plyometrics because they require less voluntary effort, but they are extremely useful for teaching explosive strength and reactive ability.

These movements help build the skills necessary for performing more advanced Plyo moves.

Butt Kicks

– Teaches the "recovery" phase of sprinting

– Also trains the body to find the shortest "stroke" possible when running, which will
speed up your movements.

– Speeds up the leg cycle that is key to football speed development.

High Knees

– Teaches quick feet and force production

Power Bounding

– Great for force production and a great warm-up before football activities

Multiple Jumps

Multiple Jumps are very easy to implement and will train the CNS to move on to more advanced jumping exercises.

Simply line up and start jumping forward. Think of it as a string of long jumps tied together. When first starting out, keep the distance to 20-yds. Then, as you become more advanced, you can increase the distance to 30-yds.

After you've gained a good grasp of the basics, it's time to get into some more advanced Plyos. This is where the true increases in football speed happen. Again, keep it under control. While plyos are not inherently dangerous, you can fall and break your ass if you try to get too advanced too quickly.

Box Jumps

If all you did was Box Jump, you'd be miles ahead of the competition and your football speed would explode. Box Jumps are just what they sound like, you, jumping onto boxes.

The most basic version is the single box jump – stand in front of a plyo box, dip into a very fast knee bend then propel yourself up onto the box. You'll need to coordinate you arms and legs – the arms, flexed at about 90-degrees will swing back during the dip and drive forcefully upward when jumping. The arm motion is crucial … and it must be violent, like throwing two uppercuts into someone's face.

Once you get on the box, step off, re-set and jump again. This is a good way to begin teaching the body and CNS the explosive force needed to run fast and tackle hard.

Do not worry about your knees or ankles being bothered by Box Jumps. Because the surface of the box is high up, you'll only be landing from a few inches off the "ground." If you jump on a 30 "box, you're physically jumping about 31 – 32", so, you're only landing from about 2 "above the surface …

Compare this with the "plyo hurdles" many advocate where you leap over a 30 "hurdle and land from 32" in the air … ouch.

Next up is the Multiple Box Jump

You stand before a series of progressively taller Plyometric boxes and jump up on one, step off, and jump to the next.

Notice I said STEP off the box, not jump. You simple step off and land naturally. It's kind of like people who jump off a building … they usually actually step off rather than jump.

When you perform a Box Jump onto multiple boxes, each time you step off a box and drop to the ground, the energy is stored because of the rapid pre-stretch and they you rebound up to the next box.

The time you spend on the ground in between boxes is critical!

Once you start doing multiple box jumps, you'll see that if you stay on the floor for even a split second too long, you'll miss the next box.

If you hesitate on the ground you teach the CNS to move slowly. While you may think a brief pause is no big deal, remember what we're after here … an almost involuntary reaction to the stretch by contracting the muscles hard and jumping.

Lateral Box Jumps

If there's one aspect of football speed … I'm talking actual game speed, that is ignored, its lateral speed. We spend a lot of time each game moving side to side – shuffling down the line, pass blocking, sliding to another hole or down the line …

Yet, how many football strength programs address lateral strength? Those that do deal with lateral speed usually limit it to a few 20-yard shuttle tests.

Football is a game played at extremely high velocities from all angles, you'd better train that way. To truly get faster for football, you need to strengthen the muscles that move the body sideways. So, you need to do Side Lunges, Angle Lunges, Lateral Sled Pulls, etc.

But, again, we need to transfer that strength into real-world usability.

Enter Lateral Box Jumps.

Exact same concept as Box Jumps, but you move laterally.

You can either jump a single box, multiple boxes or do Side-to-Sides.

To do Side-to-Sides, stand to the side of a low box, jump laterally onto the box, off, on the opposite direction … back and forth until you get to the desired number of reps.

Seated Box Jumps

Seated Box Jumps are the bee's knees when it comes to getting faster and more explosive for football. These are a great exercise to wake up the CNS before testing as well …

Very simple, but not easy! Grab a chair, bench or low box. Sit down and relax. Now, from a seated position and without rocking, you jump up onto a box.

Talk about switching all the muscle fibers on at once! You must relax in the chair … if you try to flex and tense up, you'll jump about 3 "

Do not rock … just relax … then Explode!

Volume and Loading of Plyos

Ok, finally we get to how, when, and how much to use these jumps. This is where most go horribly wrong. Because there's no "weights" involved and you do not get that sore, wobbly leg feeling during jump training that you do when Squatting, most assume they are easy and can therefore be hammered away at.

In reality, they are quite hard on the tendons, muscles, and very taxing on the brain. They are highly concentrated and must be treated this way! To get faster for football, not much is needed! The bulk of your speed and strength building will happen in the weight room. Plyos are the tools you use to transform that strength.

There are a few options with regard to when and how much, but, the one that seems to work best, especially for those training with the team is the Pre-Lifting Option.

Doing the plyometrics before you lift actually has some big advantages in addition to increasing speed and explosiveness:

– They serve as an excellent warm-up
– They wake up the CNS in a way nothing else can
– Because of their ability to wake up the CNS, they can lead to immediate increases in the weight room

Here's what your day would look like:

Warm up – Whatever you do as a team, but, it should include general mobility work and some calisthenics to get the body warmer.

Low Level Plyos

High Knees 2 x 10-yds
Butt-Kicks 2 x 10-yds
Lunges – 2 x 10-yds
Jump Rope – 2 x 50

Plyos

Box Jumps – 3 x 5
Lateral Box Jumps – 2 x 5, each way

Weight Training

Do this twice a week. You can vary the exercises as needed.

Vary the intensity also. For example, one day jump up to as high a box as possible.

The other, shoot for a box that is 80% of your best box height. So, if your best Box Jump is 40, "you'd jump about 32" on this day. This keeps you from overdoing it while continuing to increase your reactive ability.

Forces and Trends in Business

The corporate environment is characterized by a number of variables: competition, dynamism, turbulence, complexity and change. All organizations must develop ability to continuously and consciously transform themselves and their contexts. Such contexts include restructuring for optimum effectiveness, reengineering key processes and streamlining functions that are able to provide a source of competitive advantage. The aim is to adapt, regenerate and most important, survive. (McLean, 2006).

For a company to thrive today, strategists must find ways to increase the organization's ability to read and react to industry and market changes. They must know their goal to boost the company's strategic flexibility by recognizing disruptions earlier and responding faster.
Strategic flexibility or adaptability can be defined as the organization's capacity to identify major changes in its external environments, quickly commit resources to new courses of action in response to such changes, and to recognize and act promptly when it is time to halt or reverse existing resource commitments. Being adaptable means leaders must not get stuck in a too-rigid way of looking at the world. The organization must view change as an inevitable and essential part of an organization's growth, in order to achieve this adaptability.

When there is uncertainty or unpredictability in the environment, managers tend to focus almost all their energy on successfully executing the current strategy. What they also should be doing is preparing for an unknown future. Flexibility stems from the ability to learn; managers tend to overlook the negative and emphasize the positive. They need to understand not only what led to the positive outcomes but also what led to the negative ones. This will optimize their learning experience. According to Ford (2004) four points to foster and maintain adaptability include challenging complacency, giving all employees a voice, encouraging participative work and driving fear out of your group.

The companies chosen for this task vary by industry: a famous automobile manufacturer (Ford) a bank going through a merger (Compass) and a start-up software company (DawningStreams). Ford and Compass have been in business for a long time; it is likely they have changed their strategic plan based on changing forces and trends. DawningStreams is new (established in 2005 and incorporated in 2007). Even though they have not had their first sale and have no staff, the owners have devised several iterations of their strategy.

There is a diversity of stakeholders all that are interested in the activity of business organizations. Emphasis must be placed on their adaptability in strategic analysis and their adaptability in strategic management of business organizations. The organization must have a strategic management model.

Each company might scan the same areas, but for different reasons. Considering technological advances, Ford would prepare itself to lead the market by having various electronic equipment in their vehicles, as well as robotic equipment with which to build them and the supply chain technology to keep all in check. Compass Bank is going through a merge and expanding globally; therefore they will need to keep abreast of communication technology. DawningStreams is a software company; they will need to monitor those companies who would be their competition to ensure their product offers better functionality. All three companies would make sure potential customers would be able to get good information from internet websites and advertisement, which encompasses yet another area of ​​technology the organizations may need / want to scan. In this instance, many members of the organization must be enrolled: upper management and finance, who will determine budgetary factors; the IT department, who will be responsible for the implementation and maintenance of some of the technology; the staff who must be trained to use the technology; a sales force who will sell the technology.

To the outside observer, it may seem unnecessary for any but Ford to scan the (actual) environment when it comes to issues such as emission control, fuel efficiency and hybrid cars. That is true however; Compass Bank and DawningStreams can plan a strategy to be friendlier to the environment (and their pocketbooks) by practicing paper reduction (through the aforementioned technology). Lastly, DawningStreams' product may be useful as a file sharing service to environmental groups.

With regard to the legal environment, all three must be acutely aware of laws, which affect their respective industry among others. To Ford, legal applies, among other areas, to environmental protection laws and department of transportation safety laws. To Compass Bank, they would abide by the rules of the Federal Reserve (www.federalreserve.gov) and the Federal Insurance and Deposit Corporation (www.fdic.gov). DawningStreams must follow laws as they pertain to the transfer of files, which have intellectual property and also the export of products, which have algorithms. All three companies are global and will need to monitor those laws in other countries, which could effect the strategic planning.

At one company after another – from Sears to IBM to Hewlett-Packard to Searle, strategy is again a major focus in the quest for higher revenues and profits. With help from a new generation of business strategists, companies are pursuing novel ways to hatch new products, expand existing businesses, and create the markets of tomorrow. Some companies are even recreating full-fledged strategic-planning groups. United Parcel Service expects to spin out a new strategy group from its marketing department, where strategic plans are now hatched. Explains Chairman Kent C. Nelson: “ Because we're making bigger bets on investments in technology, we can not afford to spend a whole lot of money in one direction and then find out five years later it was the wrong direction. ' '

In such a world we need a planning model that allows us to anticipate the future and to use this anticipation in conjunction with an analysis of our organization – its culture, mission, strengths and weaknesses – to define strategic issues, to chart our direction by developing strategic vision and plans, to define how we will implement these plans and to specify how we will evaluate how well we are implementing these plans. The fact that the world is changing as we move forward in the future demands that the process be an iterative one.

Ford Motor Company – Socio-cultural

Ford Motor Company embraces the socio-cultural changes taking place to allow the company to move in the right direction with respect to attitudes in the society. Two areas that stand out in terms of socio-cultural attitudes would be that of fuel economy and smaller cars. The growing concern by the public for better fuel economy has influenced the company's introduction of the Ford Escape Hybrid and Mercury Mariner Hybrid. The organization is committed to the hybrid to improve fuel economy as a global strategy to meet customer demands. The increased demand in society for such environmentalism has assisted in the decision for Ford Motor Company to look forward to adding the hybrid feature to the Ford Fusion and Mercury Milan and continue in such a strategic planning direction.

The customers that use these vehicles get a substantial break on their insurance in many states and a tax credit as well while enjoying the increased mileage of a vehicle that runs on gasoline and capabilities for 100 percent electric power. The environmental scanning by Ford Motor Company has allowed the company to be knowledgeable of the fact that the people in the United States are buying more small cars today than any other type of vehicle segment. The lifestyles changes have been monitored and there is good data that shows that such a trend will continue in this direction and the expected growth in this segment will continue. The company has redesigned the inside and outside of the Ford Focus to set the car apart from the competitors in the small car segment while increasing upgrades and features to experience positive outcomes. The direction that the company is taking is based on a competitive advantage and being a leader in the industry. The vehicle line has both a sedan and a coupe to attract targeted markets including younger buyers at an entry level to build upon brand loyalty and customer retention. Ford Motor Company will continue to use the socio-cultural factors to drive the business and enjoy future success.

Ford Motor Company – Legal –

Ford Motor Company with regard to the Environmental Protection Agency adheres to the legal aspect of environmental scanning. Ford Motor Company accepted an award in March 2007 from the Environmental Protection Agency called the Energy Star 2007 Partner of the Year Award in Energy Management. The company is the first automaker to have ever been awarded the award two years in a row. The award has come to be presented due to the commitment made by the company to increase energy efficiency and to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from all of the facilities in the company.

The organization is committed to the responsible use of resources and energy efficiency. The leadership realizes that the environmental protection laws are of great importance and use the environmental scanning to move in the right direction to obtain future success in the company. In 2006 alone the company has improved the energy efficiency in the United States operations by five percent and saving approximately $ 25 million with enough energy saved to equal 220,000 homes. The effective energy management protects the environment and reduces the greenhouse emissions. Some of the actions taken by the company include replacing lighting fixtures that use 40 percent less energy and using different low-energy, long-lasting compact fluorescent lamps in the properties to include the plants, corporate offices, distribution centers, and research and development campuses . Due to the environmental scanning that takes place at Ford Motor Company the company will use the information that is collected and continue in this direction. New projects for the company include Fumes-to-Fuel that is a system that converts paint fumes into electricity that is being performed with Detroit Edison along with attempting to consolidate the application of primer, base and clearcoat paint applications into a single application to eliminate the need for separate applications and ovens. In addition to the paint booth emissions Ford Motor Company will continue to rely on alternative energy sources such as landfill gas and wind and solar technologies to power their manufacturing facilities.

Ford Motor Company – Technology –

Another environmental scanning tool that Ford Motor Company monitors and uses would be the technological portion. The company has $ invested 1 billion in the latest technology for flexible manufacturing. The technology that is involved is in many forms to include wireless technology that is installed on the delivery trucks with supplies to the plant as a monitoring status and improved efficiency to reduce inventory. The flexibility of products in the same plant allows the organization to use the same machinery and process for all areas from body assembly, paint facility, and final assembly. The improved efficiency at the manufacturing facility allows for several vehicle platforms to be built on the same line to produce multiple models and quickly change the vehicle mix, the volume, and options based on customer demand.

The technological changes that are being embraced by Ford Motor Company through environmental scanning enables the company to experience huge cost savings through new product launches and 50 percent reductions in cycle changeovers along with waste reduction. Robots are among the technological changes that are being experienced within the organization to include the 400 from the project that are used to weld and assemble the metal body of the vehicle for stamping and assembly. Artificial intelligence in the form of advanced visions systems and laser tracking systems are used to ensure quality through accuracy and dimension abilities. A multi-million dollar training facility is used to ensure that the workforce has the knowledge, skills, and ability to reap the benefits from the new technology that is being used by the company. The training that is administered includes the new servo-electric weld gun system that identifies the perfect center for welding that has replaced the older and loud air-powered system that used a less sophisticated spring system. The environmental scanning of technology that is performed by Ford Motor Company has allowed the company to have positive outcomes in efficiency while remaining a competitive company in the industry through cost savings and continuous improvement.

Compass Bank- Political –

On February 16, 2007, Compass Bancshares, Inc., the parent company of Compass Bank, announced the signing of a definitive agreement under which Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria, SA (NYSE: BBV Madrid: BBVA) ( "BBVA") will acquire Compass for a combination of cash and stock. Compass will become a wholly owned US subsidiary of BBVA and will continue to operate under the Compass name. The transaction is expected to close during the second half of 2007, pending customary closing conditions, including necessary bank regulatory approvals in the US and Spain and the approval of the stockholders of both Compass and BBVA.

BBVA, which operates in 35 countries, is based in Spain and has substantial banking interests in the Americas. The transaction will facilitate BBVA's continued growth in Texas and will create the largest regional bank across the Sunbelt. Upon completion of the transaction, Compass will rank among the top 25 banks in the United States with approximately $ 47 billion in total assets, $ 32 billion in total loans and $ 33 billion in total deposits. In addition, the combined company will rank fourth in deposit market share in Texas with $ 19.6 billion in total deposits and 326 full-service banking offices.

Compass is a $ 34 billion Southwestern financial holding company that operates 415 full-service banking centers in Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Florida, New Mexico and Texas. Compass provides a broad array of products and services through three primary lines of business – Corporate Banking, Retail Banking and Wealth Management. Compass is among the top 30 US bank holding companies by asset size and ranks among the top earners of its size based on return on equity.

Under the terms of the definitive agreement, which has been approved by the board of directors of Compass and the relevant bodies of BBVA, Compass will become a wholly owned subsidiary of BBVA. After closing, BBVA intends to merge its US based banking affiliates – including the former operations of Texas Regional Bancshares, State National Bancshares and Laredo National Bancshares – with Compass.

The aggregate consideration is composed of a fixed number of approximately 196 million shares of BBVA common stock and approximately $ 4.6 billion in cash. The merger is subject to customary closing conditions, including necessary bank regulatory approvals in the US and Spain and the approval of the stockholders of both Compass and BBVA. The transaction is expected to close in the second half of 2007.

The merger between both companies will be determined by the political factors ranging from implications of laws and regulations to the state of world politics including the consideration of wars which may be going on in different parts of the world. New laws, regulations, tax programs and public policy create forces and trends, which may provide challenges and barriers or opportunities for any company or organization.

Compass Bank – Technology –

Ford is in the process of implementing a laser marking system on its production line to ensure the highest standard on each transmission assembled. The system will be checking for quality on different points on the assembly line. Ford is teaming up with a company called MECCO to implement this process and a trial run of the new system will last for 3 months. MECCO is a leader in its industry when it comes to laser technology. The decision to implement this new laser marking system came because it is more cost- effective and safer than previous ways of marking checkpoints for quality.

Although this process at Ford has not officially been implemented yet, Compass Bank can learn a few different things. It may be a good idea for Compass Bank to do a short trial of online cell phone banking to see how popular it becomes and if it worth all the time and effort, being spent to get it launched. Compass Bank should also consider investing into a company who is the best at what they do, is in the same time zone, and can meet their demands in a timely manner, not simply because they may be cheaper. Finally, Compass Bank can learn that they need to consider what will be most cost-effective and in the best interest of the company over time. Organizing a time line and a list of costs and potential risks would also be beneficial to Compass Bank so they know what to expect and when with the implementation of online cell phone banking.

When completing the global scan one looks for emerging new technologies which may impact any business in any industry. At one time the emergence of the Internet was a technology that was becoming an emerging trend across all industries. Today very new technologies are used to develop information systems at a fraction of the cost and time of processes that were used five years ago. Wireless is a telecommunications technology that may have moved from a trend to a force in revolutionizing the way information is stored, accessed and used across all industries around the world. Some, if leveraged by a company within an industry before competitors use it, may even provide a competitive advantage.

Compass Bank – Competition –

Although mergers may be costly and rather difficult, the value it creates in the end is the desired outcome companies seek. The eagerness to merge is based on several beliefs, those beliefs are, that the performance gains are greater, expenses are reduced, market power is increased, and shareholder's wealth is also greater than before. The value of a merger is enhanced when the overall benefit is more valuable than the aggregate of two separate pre-merger companies.
In the end, both John and Bernard should consider this before finalizing a decision. When Zion's purchased Stockmans, there overall value increased by 43 branches. These branches will help performance and brings much more power to the financial market. In the Journal of Money article, Pilloff states "Companies are more willing to acquire others to avoid being acquired themselves." Keeping this in mind, companies must figure out a cross border strategy.

As part of the broad environmental scan, it is important to identify the internal capabilities of the organization. There are various models for defining capabilities. Most focus on the broad set of intangible assets such as brand, human capital, organizational capital and even relationship capital. Others include the more concrete assets such as available capital, the organization structure, current technologies and information technology infrastructure. In addition to doing a broad environmental trend, Compass Bank needs to do a more detailed capability assessment using any of the models available.

DawningStreams – Competitors –

Business activities are becoming more and more complex to manage, because of distance, time zones, number of parties involved in projects, number of tasks to achieve, multiple prioritizations, lack of general synchronization, insufficient secure and confidential communication channels and growing complexity of IT infrastructures. The use of task list managers has become very common. It is becoming more difficult to keep teams synchronized, to follow and to implement new business processes and to exchange sensitive information confidentially. The DawningStreams software application is aiming at increasing the practicality of daily executive activities. The types of business, which will most probably be interested in our product, are construction (size of network), consulting (need for synchronization), pharmaceutical research (secure exchange of information) and the software industry (complexity of manufacturing).

Many companies have already developed software applications that enable secured communications and file sharing. However, most, if not all, are relying on Microsoft technologies, which prevent them from expanding to Mac or Unix users. DawningStreams is developed in Java, which can be used on any platform, including Mac and Unix. Has the Acquired the Microsoft Groove has released The Company About enterprise | and a new version of the product, Which can perform : many of the Functionalities of DawningStreams, but not generic Activities ( Http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/groove/default.aspx ). This is our closest competitor by far. More recently, we found, merely by accident, a company called Shinkuro (www.shinkuro.com), which offers the file sharing aspects of DawningStreams but lacks other capacities.

Although DawningStreams will face competition from many existing players, the fact that it will combine a super-set of functionalities in one application, for a very reasonable price, will give it some leading edge over other competitors. If the US patent is granted, the position of DawningStreams will become a niche. Even if the patent were not granted, it would take a profound architectural redesign of Groove (or other competitors) to include generic activities and match the offer of DawningStreams. As a strategy we will monitor the activities of those companies' websites and understand what they offer in terms of similar functionality and try to ensure we match or best those functionalities to the best of our ability and resources

DawningStreams – Political –

Maintaining the secrecy of information is the fundamental function of encryption items. Persons abroad may use such items to harm US law enforcement efforts, as well as US foreign policy and national security interests. The US Government has a critical interest in ensuring that persons opposed to the United States are not able to conceal hostile or criminal activities, and that the legitimate needs for protecting important and sensitive information of the public and private sectors are met. Since 2000, US encryption export policy has been directed by three fundamental practices: technical review of encryption products prior to sale, streamlined post-export reporting, and license reviews of proposed transactions involving strong encryption to certain foreign government end-users and countries of concern . US encryption policy also seeks to ensure that American companies are not disadvantaged by the European Union's "license-free zone." (Bureau of Industry and Security, 2007).

DawningStreams will contain cryptographic functions. Any reliable and efficient cryptographic system requires a central authority to avoid identity theft. Cryptography is a key functionality of DawningStreams. All specialists insist on designing systems using well-studied algorithms and fully tested protocols; novelty is considered a source of risk. The cryptographic layer of DawningStreams will rely on a dual public-private key system. : Private key encryption The system will Implement Rijndael, the Advanced Encryption Standard ( Http://csrc.nist.gov/CryptoToolkit/aes/rijndael/ ), the public key system will Implement RSA (Www.rsa.com) and the hashing function Implement the 256 will bits version of the the Secure Hash Algorithm ( Http://secure-hash-algorithm-md5-sha-1.co.uk/ ).

Encryption products can be used to conceal the communications of terrorists, drug smugglers, and others intent on harming US interests. Cryptographic products and software also have military and intelligence applications that, in the hands of hostile nations, could pose a threat to US national security. The national security, foreign policy, and law enforcement interests of the United States are protected by encryption export controls. These controls are consistent with Executive Order (EO) 13026, which was issued on November 15, 1996, and the Presidential Memorandum of the same date. (Bureau of Industry and Security, 2007).

DawningStreams also plans to be an international company, as offices now exist in the Netherlands and the US. As part of the strategy, we will ensure we remain compliant by registering our product with any necessary agency and allowing those agencies access to the processes if they feel there is a threat. We will be responsible to monitor (as best as we can) our client base and to put the proper verbiage in our contracts that illegal activities will not be tolerated. Will the continue to we 've monitor the BIS site mentioned in previous paragraphs and Also sites in the European Union color : such color : as the Crypto Law website of legal – expert Bert-Jaap Koops ( Http://rechten.uvt.nl/koops/ )

DawningStreams – Technology / Intellectual Property –

The management of organizational strategy requires a comprehensive assessment of the macro environment of the business. Intellectual Property (IP) refers to the original ideas and innovations evolved by an organization in order to haul up its systems and processes. Creation of ideas requires large investments. This necessitates the protection of IP. Benchmarking is the continuous process of measuring products, processes, and systems of an organization against those that are rated best in the industry. It helps in uncovering weaknesses and flaws in the organizational systems, processes, and products. (Watson, 2003)

The study of the global research conducted by McAfee Inc. and MessageLabs Ltd. on security threat in small businesses in the US reveals that 80 percent of small-and-medium-sized businesses (SMB) believe that an information technology (IT) security failure would be damaging in attaining their business priorities. Yet, only few are courageously making steps to fight against infringements due to resource limitations from other business related priorities. The research implies that company size plays an essential part in the way senior management views security. Among the challenges that SMBs face include keeping up-to-date with security solutions and keeping costs low. Small-to-medium businesses' behavior towards security is very tactical and meets only immediate requirements. (Unknown, 2007)

DawningStreams' relevance to these forces is two-fold. We are a software company-there is an opportunity for us to lose the intellectual property by those who would download and attempt to modify the code. We have competitors who offer functionality similar to ours, however we offer an additional functionality the others do not. It is this 'specialty functionality' for which we applied for a patent the United States Patent and Trademark Office. If the patent is granted, there is less likelihood of software piracy or the loss of our IP. Environmental scans should show us if there are other companies trying to do this.

The functionality, which most resembles our competitors', is the ability to share files. That brings in a different concern with intellectual property- the possibility someone else's IP could be sent from one of our users to another, as this could seriously damage our reputation, as what happened with Napster. (Www.napster.com).

Conclusion

At one company after another – from Sears to IBM to Hewlett-Packard to Searle, strategy is again a major focus in the quest for higher revenues and profits. With help from a new generation of business strategists, companies are pursuing novel ways to hatch new products, expand existing businesses, and create the markets of tomorrow. Some companies are even recreating full-fledged strategic-planning groups. United Parcel Service expects to spin out a new strategy group from its marketing department, where strategic plans are now hatched. Explains Chairman Kent C. Nelson: “ Because we're making bigger bets on investments in technology, we can not afford to spend a whole lot of money in one direction and then find out five years later it was the wrong direction. ' '

In such a world we need a planning model that allows us to anticipate the future and to use this anticipation in conjunction with an analysis of our organization – its culture, mission, strengths and weaknesses – to define strategic issues, to chart our direction by developing strategic vision and plans, to define how we will implement these plans and to specify how we will evaluate how well we are implementing these plans. The fact that the world is changing as we move forward in the future demands that the process be an iterative one.

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